An Ohio Budget Primer

1.  Why the budget matters: Budgets are moral documents and set the priorities of communities. In Ohio, we go through the budget process every 2 years. The state budget is a tool that can help eliminate inequities and boost opportunity for all Ohioans. Decisions about budget priorities are made by the governor and elected state lawmakers in the General Assembly (made up of the Ohio House of Representatives and the Ohio Senate).

  • Social programs such as hunger programs,

  • Building healthy homes and communities,

  • Transportation needs,

  • Workers Compensation needs,

  • Strengthening our schools, providing opportunities for children,

  • Improve healthcare for everyone,

  • Prisons and criminal justice.

2.  Budget Timeline

  • February 1: Governor releases his proposal

  • February 2 – March 25: House Finance Committee

  • By April 13: Substitute House Bill is finalized

  • Early May: House hopefully passes their budget bill

  • Mid May: Senate starts their process

  • Some time in June: Senate passes its version of budget

  • Mid - End of June: Conference Committee resulting reconciled bill that goes back to House and Senate for vote

  • June 30th : Governor signs budget into law with ability to veto line items

3.  The Budget: 4 Budgets in One

  • Operations (HB##)

  • Transportation (HB74): approximately 6% of all state budgets

  • Bureau of Workers Compensation (HB75):less than 1%

  • Industrial Commission (HB76): agency outside General Revenue Fund (GRF), less than 1%

4.  FY2021 State and Federal Expenditures (as approved): approximately $36 billion ($27 billion state only)

  • Medicaid: 43% (20%)

  • K-12 Education: 29% (41%)

  • Higher Education: 8% (11%)

  • Corrections: 6% (8%)

  • Other HHS: 7% (8%)

  • Other: 7% (12%)

5.  Where does the revenue typically come from

  • Federal  30%

  • Income tax  23%

  • Sales tax 31%

  • Tobacco  3%

  • Business and Energy 7%

  • Other taxes and revenue 6%

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